Precious Jewellery has existed amongst us as a part of our society since time immemorial. Precious jewellery involves jewellery made with the use of precious metals and gemstones. These precious metals and gemstones are not easily available in nature and exist rarely in the Free State which is which they are relatively more expensive that semi-precious metals and gemstones. Precious jewellery has been used to emphasize wealth and opulence since ages and is still much sought after. It is essential to understand what encompasses the word precious jewelry before indulging in any kind of sale or purchase involving precious jewellery. Here we shall discuss the precious metals that go into making precious jewelry. These are Gold silver and platinum. These are expensive metals and precious jewellery is largely made out of them.
- Gold has consistently been one of the most popular precious metals to go into the making of precious or fine jewellery. It is one of the most sought after materials in the world of jewellery making and otherwise. It does not tarnish or corrode easily and has a fine luster and color which is quite attractive. Jewellery artisans have incorporated gold into a number of styles and designs by either using it for base pieces or by using it alongside other elements and many distinctive techniques and styles. The malleability or softness of gold makes it the easiest metal to work with however pure gold is too soft to be worked with since it bends and scratches easily. It is therefore usually blended with copper or silver in order to create a more resilient alloy. The percentage of gold in an alloy is described by jewelers by the use of the term karat, abbreviated as k, 24 karat gold is the purest form of gold
- Silver is a metal that is known for its radiant white luster. No matter how many different metals come up in the jewellery market, people will never get tired of wearing silver jewellery. Just like gold, silver has been a popular precious metal since time immemorial. It has been used in making precious jewellery since thousands of years because of its luster, versatility and rarity. And just like gold, silver too is too soft in its pure form to be used for the purpose of jewellery making. It therefore needs to be alloyed with other metals, usually copper, to limit being scratched or distorted.
Silver is not measured or rated in karats, unlike gold. The terms popularly used by precious jewellery manufacturers to emphasize the purity of silver are ‘sterling’ or ‘fine’ to refer to the quality and purity of silver being used in the making of the jewellery. Fine silver is however less commonly used in making silver jewellery or any other precious jewellery.
- The six metals in the platinum family are the finest of the precious metal. Platinum is more expensive than gold. It is a metal as white as silver and is usually used along with other metals such as osmium, iridium, nickel, for adding strength to it in order to use it in making jewellery. Platinum is not measured in karats rather standardized and stamped with the use of a standardized platinum quality mark, just like silver, by the precious jewellery manufacturers. The standardized quality mark is used to indicate the percentage of platinum contained in a certain piece of jewellery. Pure platinum is denoted by Pt 1000.
It is one of the most durable, scratch resistant and lustrous of metals used by precious jewelry manufacturers. The rarity of platinum makes it an uncommon material to be used in jewellery making. It is not commonly used as a part of wholesale jewellery. Most precious jewellery manufacturers prefer the use of gold or silver as raw materials in making jewellery since they offer a greater range and volume of pieces.
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