Every Indian feels proud of himself/herself when they see their National Flag unfurling on Republic Day i.e. 26th January which brings out the patriot in us but not everybody knows how much significance the day holds for us. This is a very special day for all of us. Very few of us even know the real reason why we celebrate this day with so much of pride. Why do we visit India gate every republic day? Why is there republic day parade? I agree a lot of us might know all the facts but still few of us have less idea about the amazing facts of the day. Here are the few facts which every Indian should know are mentioned below, have a look:
1) It was on 26th January 1950 that the Constitution of India came into force and India formally became a Republic. Which was earlier celebrated as Independence day, a day where India decided to fight for complete independence.
2) The date 26th January was especially selected since it was the anniversary of Purna Swaraj Day (26th January 1930). Yes, because our leaders wanted people to remember this day.
3) India has the longest written Constitution in the world, incorporating 448 Articles in 22 Parts, 12 Schedules and 97 Amendments.
4) It took Dr. B.R.Ambedkar 2 years 11 months and 18 days to draft the Indian Constitution.
5) Two hand-written copies of the Constitution were prepared: in English and in Hindi.
6) Both were signed by 308 members of the Assembly on 24th January 1950. It became effective two days later, and came into force throughout the country.
7) The original hand-written copies of the Constitution are kept in helium-filled cases in the Library of Parliament House.
8) It has seen 94 Amendments since inception.
9) India’s motto “Satyamev Jayate” is taken from the Mundaka Upanishad, from the Atharvaveda It was translated into Hindi by Abid Ali in 1911.
10) Madan Mohan Malviya was responsible for selecting the Indian motto.
11) Rabindranath Tagore wrote “Jana Gana Mana” in Bengali first. It was translated by Abid Ali into Hindi in 1911, and officially adopted as the Indian National Anthem in 1950.
12) It takes 52 seconds to sing the complete National Anthem.
13) The Indian emblem is adapted from the Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath, dating back to 250 BC.
14) The Indian flag was conceptualized and designed by Pingali Venkayya, a farmer from Machilipatnam.
15) First republic day parade at Rajpath was held in 1955.
16) The Indian flag, by law, is made of khadi and can be only made in nine specified sizes.
17) Flying an Indian flag made from any material other than khadi is punishable by law with upto three years of imprisonment and a hefty fine.
18) The Indian flag should never touch the ground or water, or ever be used as drapery.
19) Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as India’s first President on 26th January 1950, also which was the first republic day celebration.
20) A 21 gun salute is fired as the President of India unfurls the tricolor, as a naval and military mark of honor.