Gemstones are also known as gem or fine gem or jewel or precious stone. These gemstones are rarely available and are costly than diamond. Throughout history, humans have adorned themselves with jewelry – first made from bits of shell, bone and sparkly rocks, and later, with gems set in copper, silver and gold. It takes millions of years for crystals to form in nature, and only a fraction of those will ever be found, mined, cut and sold as gemstones. The value of gemstones depends on many factors, including rarity, quality, setting, and even politics. Dig in to the world of incredibly expensive jewels with the mentioned rundown of the world’s rarest and most valuable gemstones. In case you are not aware of these gemstones then you need to be updated and check these out instantly. These are very rare and often found in museums or collectors and definitely not with our local jewelers. Check these out:
Taaffeite occurs in carbonate rocks alongside fluorite, mica, Spinel and tourmaline. This extremely rare mineral is increasingly found in alluvial deposits in Sri Lanka and southern Tanzania, as well as lower grade taffelite in limestone sediments in China. It is composed of Magnesium, Beryllium, Aluminum, Oxygen and Market Value of Taaffeite is around $1500-$2500 per carat.
This gemstone is rarest of all; this Australian black opal gemstone is one of the most valuable gemstone of Australia. The brilliant play of color, or “fire,” in these dark gems, along with their relative scarcity, causes them to be worth over $2300 per carat. The stone is Composed of Silicon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Market Value of Black Opal is around $2,355 per carat.
Found near the San Benito River in California, Benitoite is a blue to purple gemstone first discovered in 1907. Under UV lights, it glows a brilliant chalky blue. A few specimens have been found in Arkansas and Japan, but the only commercial mine is in San Benito County, California. In addition to being the official state gem of California, Benitoite is a coveted collectors’ gem, and is also sold in jewelry, though rarely available in sizes of one carat or more. The stone is Composed of Barium, Titanium, Silicon, Oxygen and has the Market Value of around $3000-$4000 per carat.
Also called Scarlet Emerald or bixbite, Red Beryl has only been found in Utah and New Mexico and the only commercial mine is found in the Wah Wah Mountains of Utah. Red Beryl has been described as 1,000 times more valuable than gold: cut stones regularly sell for more than $2,000 per carat – and as much as $10,000 per carat. This is Composed of Beryllium, Aluminum, Silicon, and Oxygen and has a Market Value of around $10,000 per carat.
This gemstone is named for Tsar Alexander II of Russia, this exceedingly rare gemstone was thought to be mined out after the original deposits, found in 1830 in Russia’s Ural Mountains, were nearly exhausted. Alexandrite is a color-changing gemstone: its hue shifts from red to green depending on the light it’s exposed to. Recent finds in Brazil, East Africa and Sri Lanka have brought this stone back on the market, but it is still one of the world’s most coveted stones. This is Composed of Beryllium, Aluminum, Oxygen and Market Value is around $12,000 per carat.